GOVVI Auto Maximize Fuel Efficiency
Discover the key to optimum vehicle performance.
Onze revolutionaire, supergeconcentreerde brandstofkatalysator helpt grote, moeilijk te verbranden brandstofdeeltjes af te breken, waardoor meer energie uit de brandstof wordt gehaald, wat resulteert in maximale brandstofzuinigheid met lagere emissies.
- Reduces Harmful Emissions
- Boosts Power & Performance
- Cleans Carbon Deposits
- Improves Fuel Stability
- Improves Fuel Burn
- Improves Mileage
- GOVVI Boost Fuel Tablets
- One package contains five tablets.
- One tablet treats 15 to 20 gallons of fuel.
GOVVI Molecular Behavior of Petroleum and Oil Derivatives
(Gasoline and Diesel)
Inside the Combustion Chamber
Oil and its derivatives, gasoline and diesel, tend to behave in an UNSTABLE manner inside the
combustion chamber. This molecular instability causes the formation of solid residues called oxides
due to the acid process in the combustion chamber. This acid process results in CARBONIZATION,
and because the oxides are resistant to high temperatures, the carbonized ore adheres to the metals
used in the various components of an engine causing build up and eventually damage.
Important Note: This oxidative process will occur in any type of engine (new or old) operated by
some type of fossil fuel.
This oxidative process will cause the engine of your vehicle to consume more fuel, pollute the
environment, increase preventative and corrective maintenance costs, and lose power.
• CARBONIZATION IN SPARK PLUGS
• CLOGGING OF OIL / GASOLINE FILTER
• DAMAGE TO OXYGEN SENSORS
• LOSS OF ENGINE COMPRESSION
• INCREASE IN POLLUTING GASES
• HIGHER FUEL CONSUMPTION
• MORE FREQUENT OIL CHANGES
• INCREASE IN ENGINE TEMPERATURE
• REDUCES TOXIC GAS EMISSIONS
• DE-CARBONIZES CARBON RESIDUE LEAVING A CATALYTIC VARNISH ON THE ENGINE
• ADDS ENERGY TO THE NET RESULT OF MORE FUEL EFFICIENCY
Wilkinson & Fisher (independently of each other) managed to formulate a stable compound consisting of a metal element in the middle of two five-sided carbon rings.
The GOVVI formulation acts on exposed carbonyl compounded branches that are acidic and attracted to the GOVVI tablet’s oxide to initiate a dehydration process.
The dehydration process produces a molecule of water (H20), which decomposes at high temperatures releasing a molecule of carbon dioxide (CO2). This process eliminates the links of the aromatic chains and has a reversible effect on the carbon deposits.
In simple terms, the GOVVI technology reverses damage caused by carbonization and reduces further damage to the vehicle and the environment. It also adds energy to the thermodynamic process already taking place inside an engine to deliver more output
energy from the engine. This extra energy can be used to either increase engine output power (if the amount of fuel input is kept constant) or reduce the engine’s fuel intake (if the amount of output power is kept constant).
The 1973 Nobel Prize & GOVVI
FROM THE UNSTABLE TO THE STABLE
Geoffrey Wilkinson & Ernst Otto Fischer
Organometallic technology is based on six Nobel Prizes in chemistry.
The Department of Defense and the Aerospace Industry in the United States have used similar organometallic technology to what is incorporated by the manufacturer of the GOVVI tablet. More than 400 million miles of tests have been conducted in the United States with positive results.
The GOVVI tablet catalyst technology has been in operation since the summer of 2010, in the United States. There is no record of damage to engines or the environment due to the use of this technology in combustion engines. Further, the use of this technology in combustion engines has not led to any lawsuits on record in the United States.
The laboratory that manufactures this technology on behalf of GOVVI is registered with the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) in the United States.
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COMMERCIAL ENGINE ADDITIVES AND GOVVI TECHNOLOGY
|CHEMICAL & ARTIFICIAL COMPONENTS||ENGINE ADDITIVES||GOVVI TECHNOLOGY|
WHY SHOULD I TRUST GOVVI?
Recommendations Regarding the Conditioning Protocol
It is important to mention that during the conditioning protocol (filling the tank four to five times to capacity) the vehicle under test may experience temporary “yields” still below expected performance. Do not be alarmed. This process is normal due to the cleaning phase.
It is recommended to continue with the measurement records up to a minimum of 20 tanks of fuel.
You will notice that the savings on the units continue to improve. The GOVVI tablet technology reaches its maximum performance once the product has been used for a distance of 1,000 miles or 1,609 km.
WHAT IS CETANE?
Simply put, cetane is a chemical compound found naturally in diesel that ignites easily under pressure. Because of its high flammability, it serves as the industry standard for evaluating fuel combustion quality. Specifically, this measure is referred to as the cetane number.
The higher the cetane number, the more easily the fuel can be ignited. This, of course, translates into a smoother running, better performing engine with more power and fewer harmful emissions. The higher the level of cetane, the better the functionality of the machine. Cetane value also relates to how well the diesel engine starts in cold temperatures.
WHAT IS OCTANE?
Octane is an organic molecule. It is an alkane of eight carbon atoms (C8H18). It contains several
isomers of which the most important is trimethylpentane called isooctane. This is referenced as 100
on the octane scale.
Octane or octane number is a measure of the quality and anti-knock capacity of a gasoline engine.
A low octane level is equal to a premature detonation inside the chamber, which results in the piston
being hit abruptly causing breakdowns such as rattles or chopping of connection rods.
GOVVI Definitions Cetane (Diesel) And Octane (Gasoline)
FROM INDUSTRY EXPERTS
Jose A. Araujo
B.S. PETROLEUM CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
MASTER PETROLEUM ENGINEERING
MASTER PETROLEUM ENGINEERING
OXFORD UNIVERSITY, ENGLAND
GOVVI SCIENCE SUPPORT
“The tablet is dissolved once placed inside the fuel tank. One part of the gasoline is composed
of octane and the other part is composed of Nonane or N-octane. Later (as part of the chemical
reaction) the process goes on to branch. Once branched, it causes octane and cetane to increase
up to five points. This chemical reaction generates more power, greater efficiency, and less
environmental pollution. By increasing the octane, you will obtain 15% to 20% fuel savings, and your
engine will work more efficiently avoiding rattling or engine knocking.”
1) This technology works under a primary reaction without side effects, meaning it avoids oxidative
reactions in the primary reaction system.
2) An important environmental benefit is that carbon monoxide is considerably reduced, which helps
reduce carbonization on the engine components. As a result the combustion chamber and attached
elements, such as spark plugs, exhaust, valves, etc., are not carbonized.
3) In a similar chemical reaction, suspended particles such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, sulfur, nitrous oxides, and thus all the polluting gases, are greatly reduced as a byproduct of the combustion of fossil fuels when this technology is used.
NOBEL PRIZES AND ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS
By J. Santiago C.
The development of organometallic compounds has played an important role in the development of organic synthesis. This article discusses the works that involved organometallic compounds that received the Nobel Prize in chemistry, compared to other similar works that were not awarded.
The history of the Nobel Prize goes back to 1901, the year in which this award was given for the first time. This prize had been established by the will of Alfred Nobel, 1895, who had amassed an immense fortune from the commercialization of dynamite and other explosives. According to his will, the fortune should be managed by a foundation, which should establish a Prize to recognize
exceptional contributions in chemistry, physics, medicine and literature .
The first Nobel Prize was awarded to Jacobus Van’t Hoff “in recognition of his discovery of the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions.” Curiously the fact that Van’t Hoff, even before obtaining his doctorate, had already published in 1874 his first book in French “Chemistry in Space” in which he described his theory of tetravalent and tetrahedral carbon, key concepts in the
development of organic chemistry. The reason that the prize was awarded for his latest contributions was perhaps because the theory on the nature of carbon bonds was not widely accepted at the time .
NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY WITH ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS
Highlighting the contribution of each of the Nobel Prize winners in chemistry would be an arduous task considering the space limitations of this article. Therefore, only those that involve organometallic compounds have been selected. The 2010 Nobel Prize, which was shared by three scientists, Heck, Negishi and Suzuki, for their for work on “Catalyzed Coupling Reactions With Palladium Compounds”. The usefulness of their research is to allow the increase of the carbon chains to obtain larger and more complex molecules Organometallic Compounds
These reactions are illustrated in figures 1-3, where an example of the application of these reactions to obtain a more useful compound can also be seen. The difference between the works of Heck, Negishi and Suzuki lies in the different substrates used to bind halogenated aromatics through palladium catalysts.
It should be noted that these reactions that were awarded were not the only ones of their kind. Other coupling reactions are shown in figure 2, but they were not awarded. Among these reactions stand out those of Still, Kumada and Sonogashira [6-10].
OTHER NOBEL PRIZE AND ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUNDS
The use of palladium compounds in the reactions of the preceding paragraph illustrates the utility of metals and their compounds in organic synthesis. However, the history of organometallic compounds dates back to the 1760s, where the synthesis of organometallic arsenic compounds by Louis Cadet, tetramethyldiarsenine (Figure 3), had already been reported .
Fig. 1. Examples of application of the reactions of a) Heck, b) Negishi and c) Suzuki.
We had to wait until 1912 to see the first Nobel Prize for work with organometallics. Victor Grignard had this honor for obtaining and applying the reagent that bears his name. The interesting thing about this reagent is the radical change of polarity of C bonded to halogen vs. the same C bonded to Mg in the Grignard reagent. That is, it goes from a C with a d+, with low reactivity, to a very
reactive carbanion, Figure 4a, so it reacts with a wide variety of electrophiles, as well as with acids,
Figure 4b, [12-14]. Something similar to the Grignard reagents, although less spectacular, also happens
Fig. 2. Other coupling reactions 
Fig. 3. Organometallic compounds of arsenic prepared by Louis Cadet de Gassicourt.
with the Zn analogs. Dimethylzinc, prepared by Frankland in 1849, made it possible to obtain tertiary and secondary alcohols, but these compounds are not easy to obtain and are flammable.
In the Reformatzky reaction, zinc is also used to activate an α-haloester to condense with a carbonyl, Figure 5. According to the reaction mechanism, zinc intercalates between the halogen and the respective carbon, similar to what occurs in the Grignard reagent .
Another reaction similar to the Grignard reaction is the Barbier reaction, a reaction between an alkyl halide and a carbonyl group in the presence of magnesium, tin, aluminum, zinc, indium, or their salts. The reaction product is a primary, secondary or tertiary alcohol. This reaction is similar to the Grignard reaction, but the fundamental difference is that in the Barbier reaction all the reagents can
be mixed from the beginning and even water can be used as a solvent, Figure 6, [17,18]. It is interesting to mention that Philippe Barbier was Victor Grignard’s teacher.
Organometallic lithium compounds are probably the most popular organometallic compounds today, due to their excellent reactivity as a nucleophile and as a base. Its use in organic chemistry is very versatile, Figure 7, . Organometallic lithium compounds have been known since 1917, but since 1930 they have been prepared from metallic lithium and a haloalkane.
Fig. 4. Some of the typical reactions of Grignard reagents 
The nature of the C−Li bond is not yet fully resolved due to the different bonding behavior in different compounds. The difference in electro negativity suggests that the C-Li bond is essentially ionic, but the solubility of these compounds in non polar solvents suggests that the situation is more omplex.
Fig. 5. Example of the Reformatsky reaction
Fig. 6. Example of the Barbier reaction
Fig. 7. Typical reactions of organolithium compounds 
The different reactivity of the Grignard reagent and the organolithium is revealed in their reaction with α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, Figure 8. The different reactivity is explained by the theory of Hard and Soft Acids and Bases . Methyllithium is more reactive and prefers to bind to the “harder” site, the carbonyl carbon (which is also the most electrophilic). On the other hand, the
methyl in R2CuLi or in RMgX/Cu2+ is “softer” and binds to the softer electrophilic site, position 4 of the α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compound. In contrast, the methyl of the Grignard reagent has an intermediate “hard” position, so its reaction produces 1.2 and 1.4-addition mixtures.
The reactivity of organometallic lithium compounds can be modulated if the steric hindrance of the alkyl groups attached to lithium is considered, as in the case of lithiumdiisopropylamide, LDA, in its reaction with carbonyl compounds, Figure 9. Due to steric hindrance, LDA cannot attack the carbonyl; and instead acts as a base to extract an H at α from the carbonyl.
The development of this fascinating lithium organometallic chemistry may well have earned a Nobel Prize.
Fig. 8. Teactivity of different organometallic compounds against α,β-unsaturated carbonyl compounds.
Fig. 9. Reactivity of LDA against carbonyl compounds.
In 1974, Otto Fischer and Geoffrey Wilkinson shared the Nobel Prize “for their pioneering work, carried out independently, in the chemistry of organometals, called Sandwich compounds”, among which ferrocene is mainly found, Figure 10. However, this compound was synthesized for the first time, albeit accidentally and almost simultaneously, by Kealy and Pauson  and by Miller, Tebboth
and Tremaine , who made a mistake in formulating the compound obtained. It was Woodward and Wilkinson at Harvard University , and Fischer at the Technical University of Munich  who quickly understood that the properties of this new compound could not be explained by the structures proposed by its discoverers. It was Woodward who named the new compound ferrocene, by analogy
with benzene and its extraordinary stability. The interesting thing about ferrocene is that it presented a new type of metal-carbon bond. This compound also presented an unusual type of molecular architecture that could be exploited to design polymerization reaction catalysts, Figure 10, .
Likewise, the particular structure of ferrocene plays an important role in the development of the
different liquid crystalline phases of the synthesized derivatives, Fig. 11, .
Fig. 10. Structure of ferrocene and other metallocenes used as catalysts in polymerization reactions.
Fig. 11. Structure of a ferrocene derivative with liquid crystal properties.
The reactions developed by Heck, Negishi, and Suzuki have had a great impact on synthetic organic chemistry. The versatility of these reactions is due to the mild conditions and their tolerance to a wide range of functional groups. The catalysts used allow the activation of the substrates via Pd-C bonds. However, there are other researchers who also developed similar strategies that were not
Other Nobel Prize winners whose works also showed metal-carbon bonds were Grignard, Fischer and Wilkinson, demonstrating the immense potential application of organometallic compounds in organic synthesis.
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